Bio-products – How Are They Produced?
The business of bio-products chemicals manufacturers, also known as biotechnological companies, is booming. Biotechnological companies are focusing on the development of various bio-products, which they can sell to medical and pharmaceutical industries in return for a royalty. They produce bio-products like amino acids, antibiotics, vaccines, pharmaceuticals, synthetic vitamins, hormones, enzymes, etc. But these chemicals are not only used for producing pharmaceuticals, but are now used to develop environmentally friendly products, food additives, detergents, and even non-toxic materials.
The process of bio-chemical manufacturing involves the process of producing a chemical by means of an organism. This could be a micro-organisms, bacteria, or fungi. Normally, these organisms are cultivated in nutrient rich media in culture chambers. The media can either be organic or inorganic, depending on the manufacturer’s needs.
After an organism is grown in a culture chamber, it is exposed to different conditions and its cells are grown under those conditions, thus producing the chemical. During this process, the chemical is changed into a substance that is useful for manufacturing. Usually, biotechnological plants use two types of procedures to produce medicines. One of these procedures produces antibiotics, while the other produces synthetic vitamins. These two pharmaceutical companies, GlaxoSmithKline and Cepia, are the world’s largest producer of antibiotics and synthetic vitamins.